For product safety:
- CCC - Effective 1 May 2002 and with a transitional period of one year, China has introduced a product approval system, termed “Chinese Compulsory Certification” (CCC). The system is coupled to compulsory marking.
For environmental protection:
- China Energy Labelling - China has issued a regulation (the Administrative Regulation for Energy Efficiency Label, 5 pages in Chinese) for mandatory labelling of products which consume energy. This regulation came into force on 1 March 2005.
- "China RoHS" - China has issued administrative rules under which, from 1 March 2007 onwards, certain substances are subject to compulsory labelling. These rules are similar to those contained in the EU RoHS directive.
- "China WEEE" - On 4 March 2009 China promulgated the rule for “Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment” on the basis of the European directive 2002/96/EC (WEEE) and entered into force since 1 January 2011.
China employs normally a multi-stage concept for regulatory procedures, comprising:
- Framework act
- Product list/catalogue
- Implementation rules
- National standards